Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility". Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera, however "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently; Legionella pneumophila discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with. These opportunistic pathogens can grow for example in faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.
I had 207 Plumbing come to fix a leak in my ceiling. It's a terrible, terrible company to do business with. He came and fixed a broken pipe in the ceiling, and I asked him to check the rest of the pipe to make sure that nothing else was broken, he said everything was OK and charged me $219.00 for 45 minutes and left. Never cleaned up his mess. I went to clean up the mess after he left and found there was more damage to the pipe. I called him to come back, which he did. He looked at the water coming down from the ceiling, into a light fixture and said he had another job to go to and couldn't come back until next week. He also wanted to charge me $350.00 to come back. I told him that was too much and he said he would make an exception and only charge me $219.00. Now I have major damage done to the ceiling, the light fixture and the floor. All of this could have been prevented if he had stayed and fixed the problem. I will NOT hire him again.
Although needing emergency service for anything is never fun, if its plumbing service you ned I’d recommend Ben Franklin. The customer service person that took my call was courteous and professional. The service technician arrived well within the appointment time window. He was also courteous and professional. He understood my issue and explained what service was needed and what it would cost. He fixed the problem, cleaned up any debris that occurred during his work. We did the paperwork, he asked if I had any questions and then gave me his contact information in case I needed to call. You can’t beat that! Thanks!
Accurate Leak and Line is the leader in the trenchless pipe rehabilitation and underground plumbing diagnosis & repair industry in Texas. Combined with traditional excavation and repair/replacement solutions, we offer non-destructive Nu Flow CIPP trenchless pipe repair as a cost-efficient alternative to complete water or sewer system replacement to residential and commercial clients throughout Texas. Our team of Texas Master Plumbers are specialized in sub slab leak testing and diagnosis, using a combination of hydrostatic pressure testing, video camera inspection, and leak isolation testing to accurately identify underground plumbing problems such as aged or deteriorated cast-iron, or failing copper or galvanized water pipes. Click here for an in-depth article in Cleaner Magazine that explains our process and watch the animated video below!
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil") out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.
For over thirty years, Steve’s Plumbing Service has proudly provide Oahu residents and businesses with the highest quality plumbing services. Our professional Oahu plumbers have the skills to handle every type of commercial and residential plumbing project. We are adept at plumbing installations, repairs, and replacements. Each of our plumbers is highly trained, extensively experience, extremely professional, and fully licensed. The one constant in all of our work is our guarantee that you will be completely satisfied with all of our amazing plumbing services.
As a family-owned and operated company, we pride ourselves on putting our customers’ satisfaction at the forefront of our services. Everything we do, from beginning to end, is designed to provide optimal customer service. With over 20 years of service, there is a reason the Fort Worth and Azle communities trust us with all their home plumbing projects. Allow us to show you why we are the best.
As with other construction workers, employment of plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters is sensitive to fluctuations in the economy. On the one hand, workers may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, shortages of workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of building activity.
CON'T FROM COMMENTS EARLIER. However, the installation took less than 3/4/ hour and was a basic regulator with no other function. Looking up the price afterwards, invoice did not list type or price, it appears that it would have cost me around $60 for the regulator and another $15 or so for the additional supplies necessary to install it and it was really a rather simple job with easy access. Given that, it seems that $300 for less that an hours worth of on site work, company says it does not include commute time in its prices, is a little high. While flat rate quotes are nice, they must take into consideration situations where the work load differs depending on the circumstances. Therefore, unless you are at the upper end of the harder work needed than the average job. it can be argued that my estimated price of $300 for labor was more than a little high. Maybe I am wrong since I have not used their services for years and am not knowledgeable of the costs of equipment and professional labor today.
I used Go Green Express Home Services for a minor plastic pipe repair under my kitchen sink...The worker did a great job fixing this minor pipe plastic pipe repair( my original pipe was too short and he needed to extended the pipe and then reconnect). It took him less than 10 minutes to fix. I was first quoted $125 +tax but when the worker went to his truck and spoke to whoever he spoke to at the office, the price rose to $155.10 +tax for a total of $167.10...I thought that was a little too high. Will I use this company again, I Don't Know. It would be helpful if they would have a set price list for jobs (minor repairs, Major repairs etc...), then you as the consumer can see beforehand what the cost maybe and work from there with the company. Minor repairs, Major repairs this company should at least have a set-price list. ..The worker was great and efficient and did a good job on the repair but their prices are a bit costly. And yes, I did write this in their review.
Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts rarely poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What often causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning, particularly amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water. This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine. Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft.